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Good morning. Indonesiaâs worsening air safety record, Cornellâs rare rebuke of Beijing, Chinaâs growing list of billionaires. Hereâs what you need to know:
â¢ The U.S. elections are a week away.
Voters will head to the polls next Tuesday in a midterm election that could shift control of Congress â and potentially give Democrats much more oversight of President Trump.
Letâs break down the issues shaping the race:
â¢ Indonesiaâs air safety record is tarnished again.
All 189 passengers are feared dead on a Lion Air flight that took off from Jakarta, the capital, and crashed into the Java Sea on Monday. Above, the search and rescue operation.
The cause wasnât clear, but the crash underscored the troubled safety record of Indonesiaâs rapidly expanding aviation sector. Passenger traffic in the country tripled from 2005 to 2017, to an estimated 97 million.
But Mondayâs crash was the latest of at least 15 episodes involving Lion Air â which controls as much as 51 percent of the domestic market â since 2005.
â¢ Cornell cuts ties with Chinese school.
Cornell University said it would end a research and exchange program with Renmin University in Beijing, after the school punished at least a dozen students who campaigned for Chinese workersâ rights.
The student activists described themselves as followers of Mao and Marx and said they were fighting to defend the working class and the legacy of communism.
But the authorities have been trying to suppress student dissent, wary of the discontent associated with Chinaâs shift to capitalist markets.
Cornellâs decision was a rare rebuke of Chinaâs human rights restrictions; many American universities, seeking money and global presence, have compromised and accepted Beijingâs approach.
â¢ What China has to do with Sri Lankaâs political crisis.
India and China have been locked in an expensive competition for influence in the country.
When President Maithripala Sirisena, above, took power in 2015, he ran on an anti-China platform. He replaced Mahinda Rajapaksa, who had moved the country closer to Beijing. The election was considered a win for New Delhi.
But he came to realize that India didnât have Chinaâs deep pockets. So he began to gravitate toward Beijing once again.
And now heâs trying to orchestrate the comeback of Mr. Rajapaksa, his predecessor, naming him his new prime minister in an attempt to oust a political rival.
All this has thrown the country into a crisis, with concerns that violence may be used to break the stalemate. And China may benefit from the turmoil, to Indiaâs loss.
â¢ Campbell Soup decided to âaccelerateâ the retirement of an executive who shared a conspiracy theory on Twitter that linked the migrant caravan in Mexico to George Soros, a Jewish billionaire who was a target of the pipe bomb campaign last week.
â¢ Chinaâs roster of billionaires grew by a net total of 55 last year, to a grand total of 373, according to a new study. The countryâs superrich are generally younger than their global counterparts and create wealth faster.
â¢ That list includes Zhang Yiming, founder of Bytedance. Itâs a Chinese video-sharing company that you might not have heard of â but the nearest teenager probably has. And itâs worth roughly $75 billion.
â¢ Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, above, announced she would step down as leader of her party, after disastrous losses in regional elections, while vowing to serve out her term until 2021. [The New York Times]
â¢ President Moon Jae-in of South Korea is trying to do what his predecessors couldnât: convince the world that North Korea can be trusted. But critics arenât persuaded. [The New York Times]
â¢ Fans mourned Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, the Thai billionaire owner of the Leicester City soccer club, who died in a helicopter crash outside the teamâs stadium. Four others, including one of his two daughters, were believed to be on board. [The New York Times]
â¢ The election of Jair Bolsonaro as Brazilâs new president signifies a shift to the far right, the countryâs most radical political change since democracy was restored more than 30 years ago. [The New York Times]
â¢ The Trump administration freed an American citizen who had been detained without trial for over a year under suspicion of being Islamic State member after he was captured in Syria. [The New York Times]
â¢ Princess Ayako of Japan married Kei Moriya, a commoner, at a ceremony in Tokyo and officially gave up her royal status. [The Japan Times]
â¢ An entire New Zealand village is up for sale for $2.8 million. The price tag for Lake Waitaki, which has been largely empty for three decades, includes eight homes, a restaurant, a lodge and 14 hectares of land. [The Guardian]
Tips for a more fulfilling life.
â¢ After his character died on âThe Walking Dead,â the Asian-American actor Steven Yeun, above, started looking for more three-dimensional roles that broke with stereotypes. He found them in South Korea. âYou donât have to be reminded of your otherness there,â he said.
â¢ After a magical solo trip through the Black Forest over a decade ago, our Books editor returned to Germany, this time with her three children, to recreate the fairy tale, journeying to castles and barefoot parks and violin-making towns.
â¢ And todayâs word is groutier: It means sulky or bad-tempered. The adjective helped Nigel Richards, who is from New Zealand and lives in Malaysia, win his fourth World Scrabble Championship.
The government ultimately decided against pursuing that path, settling for the annual cap instead. Britain, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand and Italy put similar limits in place.
Aside from the quantity limits, the program also curtailed the styles and colors of shoes available, with black, white, town brown and army russet in, while wingtips and heels exceeding two and five-eighths inches were out.
After the program ended, some consumer behaviors that developed during the rationing period stuck, with casual shoes that had become popular under rationing continuing to drive demand.
The year 1946 was on track to be what a report in The Times called one of the âbest-shodâ years in history.
Nadav Gavrielov wrote todayâs Back Story.
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